The modern notion “Palestina” originates from “Philistia“. The Philistines are the most mysterious peoples mentioned in the Bible. Only them and Hittites knew the technology of steel production and they marked the start of the Iron Age. According to the Bible, the Philistines originate from Caphtor Island (Crete), although some historians correlate the Philistines with the Pelasges. Cretan origin of the Philistines is confirmed by Egyptian manuscripts and archaeological findings. It is unknown where they disappeared, more likely they were assimilated with the Eastern Mediterranean peoples.